The first two preferences are referred to as attitudes and describe our general orientation of interest with the external world, people, and activities (Extraversion) or the internal world, thoughts and feelings (Introversion).
We all use both of these approaches to the world with varying intensities at different times, but most of us have an overall preference that we use most of the time.
The second pair of preferences are referred to as the rational functions, how we make decisions, how we judge a situation.
Thinking is objective and logical, with personal feelings put aside until a detached, analytical decision has been made.
Feeling is subjective, based on personal values and consideration of others affected by the decision.
Both are rational, judging processes and we all have the capacity to use both functions. However, we all have a preference: where we go to first in making our decisions.
The final pair of preferences were referred to by Jung as the irrational functions. This doesn’t mean illogical, simply more instinctive. It’s how we perceive, the way we take in information.
Sensing takes in information in bits and pieces, depends on all five senses ,and is clear and practical. It’s like building a jigsaw puzzle out of the here and now.
Intuition is typically more future-oriented and more conceptual, forming patterns to make new connections. It’s that sixth-sense feeling that appears like a ‘hunch’.
Sensation establishes what is actually present, thinking enables us to recognise its meaning, feeling tells us its value, and intuition points to possibilities…